Concept/Master plan/Design Detail/Graphics/Illustration: Shirshak Baniya

Hand renderings: Bhasan Gurung

Physical model: Saurab Adhikari, Swornima Shakya, Saurav Bhardwaj and Mandeep Shrestha

This is the follow up post of Neighbourhood planning project.

This post contains high graphics image and illustration, For better download quality i have uploaded high resolution version of the images so the loading may take several minutes.


To get access to Full design sheets of Final phase development click here Neighbourhood planning: Final Phase

Thanks to Abhishek Sorampuri for providing his works to access online from where i could learn a lot regarding housing pattern and development for low income people as per asian context. Surat safe habitat housing project

Also thanks to Team elemental, Architect Alejandro Aravena for providing illustration  of villa verde housing, quinta monrey housing from where i learned the housing scheme and relationship of courtyard and housing unit.

Both of the above two project by two architects were a part of my case study project prior to this design development.

1. Study of individual component and space of Row housing unit


Rather than moving onto a massive major 2d planning of about 6 hectare of land where row housing was about to be planned, I started with conceptualization and planning of the minor detail of row housing unit so that there will be less revision in near future.

Usually what happened out planning studio was students were not concerned on individual detailing of the housing unit which created a lot of revision in prefinal phase since either housing plots were of maximum floor area or they were of very small floor area to attain the lifestyle of normal low income group of people of Kathmandu valley.

By reviewing that minor detail earlier in design phase, I could know about how much space is required by an optimum house and site plot to fit into the large area of row housing land. In this phase I projected a strategy to develop a whole part by studying small part elements of that whole component.


This helped me a lot since at the beginning I was assuming a row housing unit 36 sq.m. of ground floor area which was in fact only could fulfill the housing demand of economically weaker section (EWS) of the low income group society of Kathmandu valley.

Primarily I developed a site plot area of 68.25 sq.m. , floor area of 36 sq.m., 9 sq.m. frontal space with 18 sq.m. backyard space for expansion where the owner could use that backyard space for kitchen garden, goat house, animal rearing, dog kennel or a store by erecting handmade structure from bamboo along with steel structure if required.


According to one of our supervisor this 36 square meter ground floor coverage of row housing can never fulfill the space demand and desire of low income group of people living in Kathmandu valley, so I have to revise the area the original 36 sq.m. into 64 sq.m. of ground floor area.

2. Introduction of neighbourhood unit and courtyard regeneration

Test iteration 1
Test iteration 2

Development and transposition of courtyard

3.Design Detailing of Row housing unit and construction technology

Partial precast hollow cement block construction technology

4.Row housing neighbourhood unit Master plan


5.Conceptualizing supportive space for row housing neighbourhood

5.Row housing neighbourhood  design features


6.Conceptualizing Courtayrd and its justification

I began my journey to justify those developed courtyards since every time jury member were questioning regarding the placement of those courtyard and time to time they were disagreeing with me that the courtyard I developed are big enough in terms of area and volume. So I planned to create an illustration of those courtyards about what kind of activity will occur in that courtyard in different timing and location within the row housing zone.

Final sheet: Courtyard illustration 1



I went to study the existing courtyard planning at Kuleswor housing project at Kathmandu Nepal where there is also a provision of courtyard in terms of volume and space. However, that courtyard is always silent and unaccompanied since there is no any activity. Only owner could bring dog for morning and evening walk inside that courtyard. The courtyard is also leveled up with fence and bars which has ultimately decreased the purpose of that courtyard. If there had been facility of small local youth club house within that courtyard, then there would have been a creation of activity in that courtyards to make it more lively and also that local youth club would look after to maintain and protect that courtyard form vandalism and destruction.

Each courtyard has been provided a facility of social service center at the left wing which stand on pilotis. The underbelly space of pilotis can be used for rest house and social gathering where the upper floor will serve the space for meeting room, office room for the social service center. That small community service center could house the Local office, Youth gathering center office, Old age recreation facilities, cooperative center, small training center, demonstration center or a children library at different location.

Moreover, that social service center at every courtyard will serve and store the necessary material and resources required to create a function and activity in that courtyard.


Final sheet: Courtyard illustration 2

Temple area development

New temple areas in Kathmandu during 21th century has been developed with no proper planning. In past our ancestor used to develop a religious and temple space prior to planning of settlement. From that developed religious space then the planning and establishment of human settlement started so from that study I began to conclude that in old planning there were enough ancillary space for religious purpose. But now in Kathmandu valley what is happening is people are just erecting physical structure as temple and religious purpose without break out space and ancillary space so ultimately that kind of planning has created traffic congestion during festival season and day since there is no proper space for brahmins, pandits, beggars, pilgrimages and vendors around that temple space.

Final sheet: Religious hub and haat bazzar hub (local market shop)

Like in some festival season we can see pilgrimage, brahims and beggars creating a series of que and line around the main road of kalimati and bhadrakali during janai Purnima, maghe sangrati and other hindu festival. To solve that issue I anticipated this approach of providing open platform chautari space near temple sites to hold religious function.

So in the planning stage only providing space for a temple and erecting tiered temple is not a solution. We have to be aware of the space required by that temple to hold a festival activity to make it more lively.

Final sheet: Mixed used shop with gallery type frontal storage and activity at pilotis space of social service center at each courtyard 

7.Physical model



8.Change and development from prefinal to final presentation

Mid term phase                                                                       Prefinal phase

Final phase


This post is proudly presented and brought to you by Life School Centre (LSC), Jiwan Kendra, Harsar, Janakpur, Dhanusa, Nepal

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