Case Study 1 

GURUNG HOUSE

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Location:  ChapaliChowk, Budhanilkantha

Area:  1 Ropanee

Owner’s Name:  Prem Jung Gurung

Profession:  Ex- Singapore Police

Total Members:  5 (at present 3)

Designed By:  Er. Buddhi Bahadur Gurung

Architectural Style:  Fusion (Neo-classical + Traditional)

Building Type:  Bungalow

Orientation:

Main Gate: South

Building: East

Structural system:  Frame system (Post and beam)

Materials and technologies:

Flooring

  • Sandstone pavement
  • Marble (porch, staircase, foyer)
  • Parquetting (living room, bedrooms, family room)
  • Tiles ( bathroom, kitchen, Terrace, balcony)

Doors and lintels

  • Mostly timber
  • PVC in bathrooms
  • Lintel system

Wall

  • Brick wall
  • POP interior finish

Staircase (Open well)

  • Marble
  • Timber railing

Roofing

  • Flat Terrace with sloped roof
  • Jhingati Designed Concrete in sloped roof

Services:

Electrical

  • Governmental Supplied
  • Solar lights for load shedding
  • Automatic solar light in garden and terrace

Sanitary

  • Safety tank
  • Soffit for drainage
  • Monthly Rs. 300 for wastage disposal

Features

  • Wide and spacious
  • Visible from main entrance
  • Ample Sunlight
  • West- East  wind orientation
  • Kitchen at the back for occasional use
  • Kitchen Garden (8m*9m) ; South- West
  • Well for water supply
  • Servant quarter
  • 1 m setback at north and west
  • Negative spaces used as storagE

Accessibility

  • Easy Access for private vehicles
  • No easy access to supermarkets

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Case Study 2

Shrestha house

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Location: Bafal, Kathmandu

Area: 1 ropanee

Owner’s Name: Anil Shrestha

Profession: Businessman

Total Members: 5

Designed by: Ar. Sailesh Gorkhali

Architectural Style: Neo-classical influenced

Building Type: Bungalow

Orientation:

Main gate: East

Building: North

Structural System: Frame system

Materials and technology:

Flooring

  • Sandstone pavement
  • Marble (porch, staircase, foyer)
  • Parquetting (living room, bedrooms, family room)
  • Tiles ( bathroom, kitchen, Terrace, balcony)

Doors and windows

  • Mostly timber doors
  • PVC and glass in bathroom
  • PVC and glass in windows
  • Sun-shading devices
  • Lintel and arch system

Wall

  • Brick wall
  • POP interior finish
  • Stone cladding exteriors

Staircase

  • Marble
  • Timber railing and steel balusters
  • Metal carving

Roofing

  • Flat terrace with slope roof
  • Shingle style; jhingati tiles used

Services

Electrical

  • Governmental supplied
  • Inverter during load shedding

Sanitary

  • Safety tank for ground floor
  • Proper drainage and sewage management
  • West sloped pavement

Features

  • Porch; visible from main entrance.
  • Composite order
  • Servant quarter
  • Low sill level
  • Well for water supply
  • 1 m setback at south and west

Accessibility

  • Easy access for private vehicles only
  • Proper access to market

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Recommendation:

  • In Nepal, apartment, bungalow, cottage, simple residences are in practice.
  • Mostly traditional, contemporary, fusion and modern architecture is found in Nepal but these days other types of building are found in practice.
  • Bye- laws should be strictly followed for the comfort and planned settlement.
  • locally available materials can be used .
  • The height of switch should be easily accesible i.e. 5′ in average.
  • Though expensive safety measures should be done, nepal is an earthquake zone.
  • Environment should not be harmed in anyways due to the building constructed. Also sustainable and renewable resources should be used properly. E.g. solar lighting and solar water heater.
  • Staircase should be designed according to the need of the client. The pitch of the staircase should not be more than 45 degree and not less than 25 degree.
  • Porch should be used wisely to connect the interior and exterior of the building. It should not be used for the purpose of parking.
  • Family room should be spacious for the family members to gather.
  • Negative spaces can be used for the storage purpose. NW and north orientation can be used for storage.
  • The favored orientation for kitchen is NE because of scattered light at day and lower insect problem. The sill level in kitchen should be higher than the other rooms approx. 1.25m. The height of working table should be 85-92cm. The maximum reaching height should be 2m. The lighting in kitchen should be proper. The stove should be placed such that the smell and gas are passed directly outside.
  • The favored orientation for bedroom is south or south east.  The distance between bed and wall should be 75cm and between bed and cupboard should be 73cm. King sized bed: 7′ * 7.
  • Water resistant material like tiles should be used in bathroom. The appropriate height of tap and basin is 3′.
  • Since the living room is public zone it should have ample sunlight. Hence it should be placed at the south of the building. 304.8cm in diameter area is proper for conversation.
  • Dining room should placed to the south of the building. The passage behind chair for easy access should be 60cm.

CONCLUSION : After reviewing the literature and comparing the case studies we conclude that several factors (climate, topography, culture, profession of the client, available building materials, site location, transportation and communication  facilities, etc.) affect the design and construction of the building. We have concluded that all the residential cases have been designed properly but  have some drawbacks in building laws. However Nepal is also having an innovative flourishment in architectural field.

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