After we the first year second part student of architecture programme at Kathmandu engineering college concluded the final submission of case study of kitchen cum dining room in a group work as part of B.Arch curriculum of Basic design II, we were again given a task to design our own kitchen+dining room layout individually. This time we have to design the interior space as per the condition and requirement given by subject teacher.
I was quite a little bit in confusion about the design criteria and the requirement needed as we have to use the color (pencil or water color medium) to demonstrate our design element along with a certain concept for the entire frame work of design..
So me and my friends were in trouble to choose the concept of our design as my other friends were also doing design layout of master bed room, living room and toilet bathroom too.
Likewise it also took me some shorts of time to think and choose about the concept of the kitchen + dining which I was going to design. Finally after a lots of google search and literature review plus analysis, I choose to design an Eco cum Contemporary kitchen + dining room by giving wide significance to waste production and its management inside the kitchen area premises.
What is contemporary and eco design? This is the FAQ that everybody ask and my teacher asked me too to familiarize my concept design during my short two minutes presentation schedule at design studio hall. Here contemporary refers to the clean and sleek also defining the design element of current trend. It’s different from modern and post modern design, as modern design are actual historical design but contemporary here denotes the use of design element ‘in the now ‘. Clean lines and simple monochromatic light source and color are the elements of contemporary kitchen. According to designer Cameron Austin the clean and simple is the philosophy for contemporary design. Colors in the contemporary kitchen is not reflected only by the colors painted at the wall and countertops but it also denotes the colors of the accessories and appliances used in the kitchen. Eco defines two elements i.e. ecological and economical. Eco kitchen should be environment friendly and it should be economical to the user and clients.
My L-shaped kitchen layout design with island is furnished with black n white color to reflect the aspect of contemporary design as L-shaped kitchen layout gives maximum space movement for the interaction between kitchen user and guest or family members while working at the kitchen area. To design the kitchen is not for others to see but it is about how the clients or user enjoys his/her comfortness in kitchen working.
My backsplash design is fully covered with recycle glass tile. As recycling the material means reducing the mining of new material. Mining leads to excavation of earth surface which hampers the physical and geographical aspect of earth surface. Why glass ? why not other material to recycle for tile production ? Question comes here. Glass is easily accessible in landfill site as it takes millions of years to decompose and break down into parts. So glass is easily accessible and also recycling glass consumes only 30% * of the total energy required to produce new glass from raw material. I have choose 100 mm * 100 mm white glass tile with black lining to design my backsplash design in front of countertops. This kind of glass tile is practiced in foreign country widely to demonstrate green design element but I also don’t have clear idea on availability of these recycle glass tile in Nepalese market.
My countertop design are bacteria resistant and eco top counter with VOC (volatile organic compound) free paint. Storage in kitchen is not about how much space you have to store kitchen accessories, but it’s about how you use that given boundary of space. And I have light yellow colored open and base cabinet made from bamboo for maximum storage of kitchen parts, accessories and food material. As environmentalist suggest fast growing bamboo products since they are environment friendly and to choose bamboo as design element is to earn maximum point in LEED (leadership in energy and environmental design) project for green design certificate. Sink top here is made from stainless steel with water saving faucet as they are easy to clean. In my flooring design I have use 240 mm * 240 mm tiles. To use wood in flooring is somewhere not recommended by professional as water can come in contact with wood and can cause dampness and swelling of wood. But one can use it in their own way by minimizing water loss and fall onto the floor.
Regarding the use of electric appliance like fridge,oven etc it will be good one if we use electricity saving appliances approved by environmental protection agency (EPA) which is a energy star programme. It uses 10-50 % * of less energy and water than standard models which reduces the energy cost and energy bill of not only kitchen but as a home whole. Department of climate change states that fridge is responsible for 17 % * of green house gas emission from energy used in the entire use of fridge. So choosing right energy star approved fridge will not only reduces electricity bill but also it reduces green house gas emission to balance the ecological aspect of earth and its environment. Also kitchen are responsible for around 40% * of home energy consumption. In a global scale we can also reduce the green house gas emission to some extent by appropriate selection and use of fridge.
Lighting plays a vital role to illuminate the design element of architecture. Natural lighting from east to south through two windows and a ventilation at west north corner provides ample fresh air and light inside the kitchen. Also I have maximum use of general CFL light to illuminate the whole kitchen room, task light to kill shadow casted by general lighting at countertops and working station as sharp kitchen ware are subjected to be handled during night time. To illuminate the kitchen accessories at countertops there is a provision of under cabinet task lighting. For the best result the distance between countertops and task light should be 30 inch.
For mass cooking and dining during festive season and gathering, doubled sink is not sufficient for dish washing. So there is space for open dish washing at north east corner. Two wall painting of still life (acrylic and oil on canvass) hangs near to dining table for extra aesthetic beauty of kitchen. Also kitchen magazine are stores on open bamboo base cabinet for user and client to update and gain extraordinary knowledge on kitchen remodeling and new technological appliances in the current market.
Another aspect of my design is to verify the ecological design element. I have designed a built in dust bin at countertops for storage of kitchen waste in small scale. Also beside to the base cabinet there is a two trash can for the separation of degradable and non degradable waste material. Vegetables are cut off in island and small waste matters are transformed to built in dustbin at countertops. Later on it is transformed to trash can. Kitchen wastes that are biodegradable are subjected to compost tumbler for compost manure production.
Compost tumblers make compost faster since it can convert waste to finished compost in as little as 3 weeks in a sealed compost tumbler, under ideal conditions. . In colder, wet climates, it will take considerably longer than 3 weeks to complete the composting process. It should be sunny and provide decent air flow. Kitchen scraps and yard waste, like leaves and grass clippings, work well. Avoid meat products as they don’t break down as readily and can attract vermin. After adding the materials to compost, you might consider adding manufactured compost accelerants and other compost accessories to speed the composting time. From this we can convert our domestic kitchen waste into compost manure in an efficient and easy way and we can use it into our garden.
Note – * Percentage Data source in this article are extracted from google sites and this design concept by architecture student shirshak baniya were submitted to department of architecture, kathmandu engineering college, kalimati, Nepal as per syllabus of basic design two. This is not an ongoing real project. These design are all drawn on drawing sheet to sharp knowledge and practice for student of architecture in terms of interior space design. All drawings and photo are subjected to copyright (shirshak baniya)
The concept on compost tumbler were introduced to me (shirshak baniya) by my friend Nabin chaudhary and Yugdeep luitel , student of BTech in environmental engineering at Kathmandu university through proposal made by their friends Anushilan Acharya, Aman Thapa, Bijay K.C, Dipendra Pandey, Rakchya Karki, Roshan Kafle.
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